All hardware on a network or connected to the internet has a unique number that identifies it. This differentiates every single device that’s connected to the internet. The IP address is what is used to load websites, to send or receive files, and more. The IP address for each device will be unique, allowing the device to send and receive information quickly and easily.

What is an IP Address?

Home Address

An IP Address is comparable to a home address

IP is short for Internet Protocol. The IP address is what allows devices to communicate with each other over a network or the internet. It works like a home address, so information can be sent to exactly the right place. Basically, this allows the information to be moved around on the internet and ensure it’s going to end up at the right spot. Right now, IPv4 (or IP version 4) is used, which has a series of numbers in the address. However, this is changing over to IPv6 because of the number of devices now connected to the internet.

How is an IP Address Used?

The IP address identifies the device and allows it to get information from the internet. When someone opens a website on their computer, DNS servers look up the website to find the corresponding IP address. This lets the computer find the website it’s looking for so the information on the website will load on the person’s computer. Without the IP address, the DNS servers would have no idea which website to load. All this is done in seconds, which is why websites will load quickly most of the time. If the DNS servers for the website aren’t working properly, it could mean they cannot look up the IP address and, therefore, the website won’t be able to load.

Different Types of IP Addresses

There are a few different types of IP addresses. Each of these types can be IPv4 or IPv6 and can be made up of numbers or letters. The main types of IP addresses include the following.

  • Private IP Addresses – These are the addresses used inside a network so your computer, tablet, smartphone, and any other internet-connected device can connect with your router. You can usually set these IP addresses manually or have them assigned automatically. These can be dynamic or static IP addresses.
  • Public IP Addresses – These are addresses used outside of a network to connect with the internet. Your router will use a public IP address to be able to connect with the internet. These IP addresses are assigned by the internet service provider. Public IP addresses can be either dynamic or static.
  • Static IP Addresses – Static IP addresses basically do not change. These addresses can change, for instance, if you switch internet providers, but typically stay the same as long as there isn’t an interruption in service.
  • Dynamic IP Addresses – Dynamic IP addresses are ones that are assigned by a DHCP server. These addresses change and may be different each time you check the IP address for the device you’re using. Most of the time, if DHCP is supported, it does need to be enabled to use a dynamic IP address.

IPv4 Versus IPv6

IPv6 ensures that people can continue to connect around the world

Most IP addresses right now are IPv4. This is the older and now outdated version of IP addresses and is slowly being replaced by IPv6. The main reason for this is that IPv6 can handle more IP addresses than IPv4. Basically, all devices connected to the internet must have a unique IP address. IPv4 has the potential for over 4 billion unique IP addresses, but in the modern world, this just isn’t enough. Version 6, IPv6, supports around 340 trillion unique IP addresses. With this many possible, everyone could have a huge number of devices in their home or office and there would still be plenty of IP addresses leftover. IPv6 also provides a number of other benefits, such as more efficient routing and built-in privacy.

If you check the IP address for the device you’re using right now, it will likely look like a series of numbers with periods between different sections. This is the IPv4 display of the IP address. IPv6 will look different. Since it’s written in hexadecimal, it can be a series of numbers and letters with colons between the sections.

IP addresses are crucial for the internet to actually work. They allow your devices to connect with the internet, view websites and send information. Though the version used is changing, they still work in much the same way and allow any of the devices you may have at home or at work to connect to the internet so you can get the information you need.

Readers who are familiar with WordPress have gotten used to using the platform’s TinyMCE editor.  Some of them love it, and some of them hate it.  What all WordPress users have in common when it comes to this editor is that they will have to come to terms with the fact that it is on its way out. The Gutenberg editor for WordPress, designed to replace the TinyMCE editor, is already stirring up discussion in the forms of both criticism and praise.  Regardless of how readers feel about making the switch, though, they will have to get used to the new editor, as it is here to stay.

Primary Changes

The Gutenberg editor will completely change how the platform’s users interact with it by switching the editing process over to a block-based approach.  Its long-term implementation goal is to offer full-site customization, where the TinyMCE editor offered only page template editing.
Unlike the TinyMCE editor, which featured a single edit field, the Gutenberg editor will feature many individual blocks.  These can be composed of text, images, videos, buttons, widgets, tablets, or other features and can be manipulated on an individual basis.  Since each of these blocks is separate from the others, users can expect to have far more control over the editing process.

Using Themes

The Gutenberg editor is designed to work with WordPress themes for maximum stylistic control.  These themes add built-in styling to its component blocks and are added in real-time to the editor itself, making it easier than ever to build custom content.  Some themes will offer pre-made templates featuring multiple blocks.

Building a Layout

Since editing pages in Gutenberg requires the creation of separate blocks, it makes sense to start by learning how to add new blocks.  This can be done without much hassle at all thanks to the editor’s user-friendly design. Users can simply click the +Plus icon and select from Common Blocks, Formatting, Layout Elements, Widgets, and Embeds to add a block that meets their needs.

To create a well-integrated custom page, start with the text blocks and build the layout from there.  To add a non-text block to the page, just hover over the area where the new block will be placed and click the +Plus icon again.  Check out all of the block options available to determine which will be the best fit for the content being added to the page.

Embedding Videos

Given that on-site videos are a powerful tool for content creators and marketers alike, it is important that users familiarize themselves with the Embeds blocks as soon as possible.  Thankfully, Gutenberg makes this process extremely easy.  Inserting a YouTube video requires users to simply add a YouTube block from the Embeds tab, enter the video’s URL, and click Embed.

Creating Different Columns

Gutenberg’s experimental columns feature allows users to create multiple columns for further customization.  This can be accomplished by clicking on the Columns block in the Layout Elements section.  Other blocks can even be inserted into the column blocks, making it easier than ever for page creators to control where their images, videos, quotes, and other elements appear on their pages.

Customizing Blocks

The content of each block can be edited from within the actual body of the Gutenberg editor.  Basic text, styling, and alignment can be manipulated from the menu bar that appears when users hover over a particular block.  Advanced styling, on the other hand, must be controlled from the Block settings tab.
Once several blocks have been created and customized, their placement can be changed via two different paths.  Users can use the Up and Down arrows while hovering over blocks to move them in the correct direction or they can hover over the left or right sides of their blocks and use the editor’s drag-and-drop feature.

Editing Source Code

The Gutenberg editor makes it easy to manipulate source code.  Users need only click on the three dots that appear at the top-right corner of the editor and select Code Editor to manipulate source code for their entire posts.

Using Plugins

There are already plenty of pre-made Gutenberg extension plugins available online.  These can be installed as separate blocks.  The use of pre-made plugins makes it even easier for site owners to create user-friendly and aesthetically appealing pages.

Compatibility Issues

The Gutenberg editor’s creators are aware that there are still some compatibility issues with certain plugins.  Given that there are literally thousands of these third-party plugins available for use with WordPress, it makes sense that not all of them will be compatible with the new editor right off the bat due to conflicting code or functionality.  Those plugins that tend to cause problems are the ones that add functionality changes or alter the way that the classic editor looks. Some plugins that add custom styles to pages can also cause compatibility issues.  As a general rule, it’s also best to avoid plugins that haven’t been updated in months, as these are more likely to conflict with Gutenberg.

Checking Compatibility

Thankfully, Gutenberg’s creators have made it fairly easy for users to check the compatibility of their individual plugins.  There are two ways that they can go about performing this essential task.

Users can check the Gutenberg Plugin Compatibility database, which contains more than 5,000 popular and obscure WordPress plugins.  However, not all plugins are included in the database, which relies on registered users to expand its offerings.  If readers are unable to find their plugins in the database, they can also use a staging site to check for any compatibility issues prior to going live with their new content.

The Take-Away

Whether readers are excited about making the switch to the Gutenberg editor or slightly concerned, they’ll eventually have to come to terms with the fact that Gutenberg is undeniably the future of WordPress editing.  Making the switch may come with some growing pains, but eventually, it will lead to more flexible content creation.  Exploring the editor now and learning as much as possible about its functionality and features is the best way to ensure a positive transition when switching to WordPress 5.0.

Bild von Laptop mit geöffnetem Wordpress Fenster

FTP, which stands for File Transfer Protocol, used to be universally essential to web design.  It offers developers an easy and efficient means of transferring files between computers, and though Content Management Systems (CMS) have decreased the need for FTP substantially, this method is still widely used by many designers.  In fact, WordPress, one of the most popular CMS platforms, still offers the ability to upload files via FTP, and with good reason. It’s often necessary to use FTP to gain access to the WordPress file directory.  When the platform’s backend is not accessible or faulty plugins are affecting a site’s ability to run properly, developers may need to utilize this historically important access method.  In fact, one of the most common reasons for using FTP for WordPress development is the need for troubleshooting.  The ability to troubleshoot problems is essential to creating and managing a successful website. Designers don’t have to become experts in FTP in order to accomplish this goal, but they do need to have at least a basic understanding of how it works.

FTP Login Credentials and Adding Websites

Once set up, Fielzilla can be of good use for WordPress topics

The first step that readers will need to take before beginning to use FTP to upload files is to download and install an FTP client such as FileZilla, WinSCP, or Cyberduck.  Since FileZilla is arguably the most widespread of these clients, this article will focus on using FileZilla for uploads.  However, the basic concepts are roughly equivalent regardless of what FTP client readers are using.

In order to use FTP software, readers must connect their websites to it using their FTP login credentials.  These login credentials are transmitted via email upon signing up for a WordPress hosting account, but they can also be found in the hosting account’s cPanel dashboard. Already have login credentials handy?  Adding a new site will be easy.  Simply pull up the Site Manager through FileZilla’s File tab, then click on the New Site button and fill in all of the necessary information.  The program will then save the site settings and open a new FTP connection to it.

Uploading Files

Once a connection has been formed using appropriate FTP login credentials and basic website information, users will be directed to a list of files and folders under the Remote.site column.  These files are already present on the website.  Files on the user’s computer, on the other hand, will show up under the Local site section. Once the desired file has been located, it can be uploaded by right-clicking on it and selecting the upload function from the drop-down menu.  This process is fairly straightforward.  It is, however, important to note that WordPress requires certain files and folders to be set to specific locations in order to function as intended.

Uploading Manual Plugins

Let’s take a look at an example that illustrates the above-stated issue.  In order to upload manual plugins, users must first download the plugins to their own computers and unzip the files.  Next, look for the /wp-content/plugins/ folder in the Remote site column of FileZilla.  This will allow users to upload plugins to their WordPress sites.  Once the plugin has been uploaded, readers will need to visit the plugins page on WordPress itself to activate it.

Uploading Premium Themes

The process of uploading premium themes via FTP is similar to the one described above for plugins.  Simply download and unzip the theme folder, then upload it to /wp-content/themes/ on the website.  Simple, right?

Downloading Files

Download used files in an instance

FTP isn’t just used to upload files to WordPress sites.  It’s also useful for downloading files from websites for advanced editing.  To download files, readers can right-click on the desired file, located under the Remote site column, and click download.

Backing Up WordPress Sites

FTP can also be used to backup all of the files on a WordPress site.  This can be accomplished by selecting all files and folders on the Remote site and downloading them onto the computer.  Keep in mind, however, that this process only backs up the files themselves and does not include any content on the site. Users who want to back up their content as well will have to create manual backups of their databases.

Troubleshooting Common Problems

FTP can help with WordPress troubleshooting

There are several errors that occur with reasonable frequency when using FTP clients to upload pages to WordPress.  These pertain primarily to connection issues. Read on to find out how to resolve two of the most common issues with FTP uploads.

Failure to Connect

Before panicking, be sure to double-check login credentials.  If the information is definitely correct but users still can’t connect, they may have set their FTP clients to passive mode.  Luckily, troubleshooting this problem in FileZilla is reasonably simple_

  • First, select the Edit option from the program’s top menu and click on Settings.
  • Next, navigate to the Connection menu on the left side of the pop-up and select FTP.  If the pop-up indicates that the user is in passive transfer mode, try switching it to active.

If this resolves the problem, it’s a good idea to change the default connection method by selecting “fall back to active mode.”

“Too Many Connections” Errors

Sometimes FileZilla allows users to connect to their servers without difficulty only to disconnect them when they attempt to upload or download files.  There are a few reasons this could be happening: Users who receive a “too many connections” error message most likely have their server configurations for allowable connections set too low. The first step toward resolving this problem is to abort the current FTP session.  Readers who don’t have root access to their servers can contact their administrators or web hosts to have their maximum connection number raised, while those who do have root access can simply perform this task themselves. Once this number has been altered, current connections must be cleared manually. Once the connections have been cleared, head back to FileZilla and navigate to the Transfers page under the Settings menu found beneath the Edit button.  Next, set the maximum simultaneous transfers to one or two and save the changes.  If this doesn’t resolve the issue, navigate back to the Transfers page and set uploads to between five and ten.

tips on running a secured server

You created your website and you are proud of how it turns out. What if it all disappears tomorrow? What if your data is lost and you need to start all over again?

You spent a significant amount of time creating your website, you won’t want to start from the beginning again if you don’t have to. Regular backups for your website can prevent issues and help you recover quickly if anything does occur. You won’t have to worry about losing everything you’ve worked so hard to create.

Why Should You Backup Your WordPress Site Frequently?

One of the main reasons to backup your WordPress website is to prevent the loss of data if anything happens. A hacker could delete your website or you could accidentally delete some of the work you’ve done. You could experience a data loss for many other reasons as well. Technology isn’t perfect, so having a backup allows you to prepare for the chance something could happen that might cause your website to partially or completely disappear.

Frustrated man sitting infront of a laptop

Avoid the frustration after a data loss.

Another reason is for security. If your website is experiencing security issues, a backup can enable you to go back to the way the website was before the security issues occurred. For instance, you might discover a vulnerability on your website that makes it easy for hackers to get into your website and make changes. By using a backup, you can revert the website to a version that does not have this vulnerability until you can correct it and restore the new information to your website.

How Often Should You Backup Your Website?

Backing up your website should be done on a regular basis, but how often is that exactly? This is a little bit dependent on what you prefer and how often you upload new information to your website. If you upload new posts daily, you might consider a daily backup.

You can always change the frequency of your backups in the future if you find you’re not doing it often enough. However, it’s a good idea to at least back up your website once a month, even if you don’t post frequently, to ensure you have a backup to cover any issues that might arise. If you start posting more frequently, you can always adjust the backup to occur more frequently.

What Should You Backup for Your Website?

Even if you’ve just started working on your website, you have a lot of data that may need to be saved just in case anything happens. As you work further on your website, the data you’ll need to save grows considerably. When you want to start backup up your website, it’s important to make sure you have everything so anything you lose can be replaced if needed.Wofür eignet sich WordPress?

  • Your Database – Your database contains all of the main data for your website. It has your posts, your pages, any user data, and anything else that might be on your website or needed for your website. This is the most important thing to backup as it includes everything that’s essential for your website.
  • Your Uploads Folder – When you use images, videos, and more in your website, you’ll need to upload them to WordPress. All of these are going to be in your uploads folder. This should be backed up regularly so you can fully restore your website if needed, not just the data on your website.
  • WP-Content Folder – This includes your themes, plugins, and more. You may want to have a backup of this folder just in case you need to recreate your website from the beginning. This is important if you have custom themes you use as it might not be easy to recreate them if needed.

Using Automated Solutions for Your Website

Are you going to have time to create a backup of your website every week? If there are enough changes to your website, can you create a backup every day? You likely don’t have time to focus on doing backups for your website and, even if you do, it’s easy to forget about the backups if you do them all manually.

Instead, look into automated solutions to backup your website. There are numerous options for you to choose from, any of which can work well to backup your website on a regular basis so you don’t have to worry about whether it’s done. You can simply check once in a while to make sure your website is being backed up properly. Make sure you choose a backup option that’s going to work well for you and that’s going to be easy for you to use and to restore your website when needed.

If you’re interested in making sure your website is always backed up and making sure you’re prepared for anything that can happen, you might want to try out two different ways to backup your website. Redundancy helps you make sure there is no way you’ll lose your website completely as you’ll have multiple options to restore your website if anything happens.

Using Plugin Options for Backing Up Your Site

wordpress-backup-pluginsPlugins automatically backup your website and there are many different ones you might want to choose. It’s a good idea to look for one that stores the backup on another server or in a third-party storage location. If it’s restored on the same server as your original data, you may lose your backup in a situation where you lose the data to your website. Keeping it elsewhere minimizes the chance you’ll lose all of your data and your backup at one time.

Take the time to check out an article on the top 7 options for WordPress plugins you can use to back up your website today. This will give you information about the best options available today so you can choose one that’s going to meet your needs. You’ll find it’s easy to choose one that’s going to work with your website when you have all of your options already narrowed down to just the best.

Check Out Third-Party Off-Site Solutions for Backups

Third-party solutions abound for WordPress backups, and they can be very advantageous. Your data will be backed up automatically using the perimeters you set and you won’t have to worry about it again. Your data will be backed up to a third-party location, which means you can still access the backup even if you cannot access your original website.

Many of these solutions are paid, but it might be worth the money for what you’ll get. They generally offer more features than plug-ins might and provide a better user experience. Take a look at your options to see what features are included in the cost and to see if this might be a better option for you than a plug-in.

Look at Built-In Backups

Built-in backups are backup options built into the host you use for your WordPress website. Your host offers these options to help make sure your website is always up and running and as a convenience, so you can be prepared if anything does occur. Not all hosts include a backup option, so you’ll need to contact your website host to see if they offer one for you.

If you have a web host that does offer a backup option, it’s worth the time to look into how they work and what you can do. Often, these are much more efficient because the host is already storing all of your data and can easily do the backups for you. They can often be automated easily so you don’t have to worry about backing up your website manually.

Use Your Backups If Needed

The idea of a backup is just to have it in case you need it; you may not ever expect to actually use it. However, there may be a day where you happen to lose some or all of your website. Instead of panicking, you can simply use the most recent backup to bring back your website.

This minimizes the amount of time your website is down, which is very important for your customers as they can become frustrated and look elsewhere for what they need if your website is down for weeks while you recreate your entire website. It also minimizes the amount of data you might lose, which can help you keep everything running smoothly and can help you minimize the impact your data loss might have on your customers.

Once you’ve chosen a way to do the backups, make sure you take the time to learn how to restore your website if anything happens. While you hope you’ll never need to use this information, it’s important to know what to do just in case you need to use your backups in the future.

Backing up your website is vital and can save you hours of work if anything happens. Look into your options to automatically backup your website starting today so you can make sure you’re prepared for anything that could happen. This could save you a ton of time and money in the future if your backups are ever needed.

How to activate ssl on wordpress

It seems like everyone is talking about SSL encryption and adding it to their website. Whether or not you sell products online, you’re going to want to make sure you activate SSL on your WordPress website right away. You’ll need to do this for a variety of different reasons, including for optimization and the new EU data protection law.

Learning why it’s needed as well as how to add the encryption enables you to make sure your website is secure and you get all of the benefits you’re looking for. Start the process to activate SSL on WordPress now so you can make sure your website visitors know their information is secure every time they visit your website.

SSL Encryption for User Safety

SSL Encryption for User SafetyFor many years, websites have started with HTTP and are now moving toward HTTPS. This signals users that the website is safe to use as they’ll receive a notice if the website certificates do not match the website they’re trying to reach. It’s an added layer of protection that helps anyone who visits a website be sure they’re actually visiting the website they intend to visit and so they can ensure they’re safe if they share any personal information with the website.

Search engines like Google now require SSL encryption and use it for higher rankings. When you’re working on the optimization of your website, if you do not have SSL encryption, you’re missing out on a way to boost your ranking.

This is done is so search engines can help users ensure they’re able to choose a secure website to obtain the information they’re looking for. As of 2018, if your website doesn’t have SSL encryption, visitors will receive a warning that the website might not be secure and they may leave it to check out a competitor’s website.

SSL for All Websites

ssl for all websitesIf you sell products, you may be required to use SSL encryption by the e-commerce websites you’ll use to sell your products. These websites, like the search engines, want to make sure the people using your website are secure and feel comfortable using the website to purchase what they need. They don’t want the risk of giving personal information to a website that might not be secure.

Encryption is also a requirement under the EU Data Protection Law, so your website will need it if you have customers around the world who might want to visit your website. Even if you do not sell anything, if you collect any personal information from the visitors to your website, you will need SSL encryption on your website.

Requirements for Running SSL

There aren’t too many requirements for running SSL on a WordPress website. You’ll mainly need to purchase an SSL certificate and then use WordPress to redirect your website from HTTP to HTTPS.

A number of WordPress hosts will include SSL certificates in some of their plans, so this is likely the easiest way to obtain the certificate. However, if the plan you are using does not include the SSL certificate, you can also purchase one through an SSL certificate provider.

Choosing an SSL Certificate for Your Website

the right ssl certificate for your siteThere are a few different types of certificates you can purchase, depending on the type of website you have. Domain Validation is the least expensive type, but only offers basic encryption and is for websites that do not obtain any personal information from visitors.

Organization Validation is the minimal amount of encryption required for e-commerce websites. There are more expensive and thorough types of certificates as well, depending on the encryption your website needs. You’ll want to make sure you choose the right one so you can handle all of your subdomains or so you can make sure you have enough encryption for your users to feel secure on your website.

Activate SSL for Your WordPress Site

WordPress makes it easy for you to change to SSL encryption for your website, but there are still a few things you’ll need to do to make sure everything switches over smoothly. To start, go to the settings and choose general settings to update your site URL address fields. Then, you’ll need to set up SSL redirect to move your pages from HTTP to HTTPS.

There are plugins that make this part easier, which you can use to quickly switch your website from HTTP to HTTPS. If you’d prefer to do this manually, you can add a few lines of code to your .htaccess file. This will force your website to change over from HTTP to HTTPS, but it might not completely change all of your pages, so you’ll need to make sure it’s working properly for your pages.

Check Your Website to Ensure SSL is Activated

ssl checkOnce you’ve activated SSL for your website, you’ll need to make sure it’s working properly. The easiest way to do this is just to visit your website. Look at the address bar in a browser like Chrome and check the symbol next to your address.

If the symbol is an icon of the globe, your website is not using SSL and you need to go through the activation again to fix any issues. If the symbol is a green lock, your SSL is working properly.

If any of your pages did not update with the code or the plug-in, go ahead and change these manually. This will help ensure they are now encrypted properly. Going forward, your pages should be automatically encrypted with the plugin or code you used, so you won’t have to worry about this.

Nowadays, SSL encryption is more than just something you may want to do for your users to feel secure. You need it if you collect or process personal data on your website or if you’d like to sell products through your website. You also need it to ensure your website is optimized and ranks as highly as possible. Thankfully, once you know what to do, adding SSL encryption to your website isn’t difficult and will start providing the benefits you’re looking for right away.