Choosing the right hard drive for a computer can be important. The hard drive is what saves all of the information on the computer, allowing it to load the operating system and any programs that might be used on the computer. It also saves all files you create so you can store them and access them easily. When you need a new hard drive, you need to choose between HDD and SSD Hard Drive.

HDD Versus SSD

Hard Disk Drive

HDD, or Hard Disk Drives, have been used for storing data since 1956. Basically, these hard drives use magnets to store information on a spinning plate inside the hard drive. The faster the plate spins, the faster information can be stored or recovered. This is the least expensive way to store information nowadays and it’s common today to see HDDs that can hold a terabyte of information.

SSDs, on the other hand, do not have anything that moves inside of them. Inside, they more closely resemble the inside of a flash drive. Most SSDs today use NAND flash memory, the same as flash cards, to store information. This is stable and can allow the stored information to be kept for years. They are larger than flash cards and can hold quite a bit more information as a result.

Different Types of SSD Drives

There are two main types of SSD Drives, SATA or PCIe. SATA drives connect using the same cables as an HDD, making it easy to use the SSD in place of an HDD. They’re typically 2.5 inches, so around the same size as the hard drive in a laptop.

PCIe cards connect to the PCI Express slot on the motherboard and are usually only found in desktop computers because of how they connect. There simply isn’t room for them in most laptops. Because of the way they connect, this type of SSD isn’t usually a good replacement for an HDD unless there is room for it when the computer is built.

M.2 is a module that provides support for both SATA and PCIe interfaces. They connect via a dedicated connector on the motherboard and are typically used to provide increased performance. With the M.2, it’s no longer necessary for people to purchase a dedicated PCIe SSD card.

When to Use an SSD Drive

SSD Hard Drive

SSD drives offer speed. They’re much faster to HDDs and can reduce the wait time for the operating system to load, for programs to start, or to open and save files on the computer. HDD has been the standard for a long time, but most people move to SSD simply because of the boost in speed. SSDs can also be used alongside an HDD in the computer, allowing for speed when starting the computer or opening programs, but stability with the files stored on the HDD. Most laptops will just have one type of hard drive, so choosing speed is an option that many people make, especially if they’re going to be using the laptop for gaming.

When Not to Use an SSD Drive

HDDs are better when mass storage is needed. When a lot of information needs to be stored, HDDs offer the storage for a much smaller cost compared to SSDs. Stability may also be a concern when a lot of information needs to be stored. Though SSDs can store a lot of information and will be able to access it faster, they do not tend to last as long as HDDs and aren’t able to handle information being written over as well as HDD drives.

In laptops, it’s likely there will only be enough room for one hard drive. In these cases, it’s important to consider whether speed or storage space is more important and to look into the costs for the amount of storage that’s needed. In desktop computers, it’s possible to use more than one hard drive. An SSD can be used to load programs with speed while an HDD or a few HDDs can be used to store the actual information on the computer. This cuts down on costs while still boosting the overall speed of the computer.

While HDDs have been around for a long time, SSDs are becoming the new standard because of the speed they offer. When you need to purchase a new hard drive for your computer, consider the differences between SSDs and HDDs so you can make sure you choose the right one for your needs. This will allow you to make sure your computer runs the way you want it to run and stores as much information as you might need.

All hardware on a network or connected to the internet has a unique number that identifies it. This differentiates every single device that’s connected to the internet. The IP address is what is used to load websites, to send or receive files, and more. The IP address for each device will be unique, allowing the device to send and receive information quickly and easily.

What is an IP Address?

Home Address

An IP Address is comparable to a home address

IP is short for Internet Protocol. The IP address is what allows devices to communicate with each other over a network or the internet. It works like a home address, so information can be sent to exactly the right place. Basically, this allows the information to be moved around on the internet and ensure it’s going to end up at the right spot. Right now, IPv4 (or IP version 4) is used, which has a series of numbers in the address. However, this is changing over to IPv6 because of the number of devices now connected to the internet.

How is an IP Address Used?

The IP address identifies the device and allows it to get information from the internet. When someone opens a website on their computer, DNS servers look up the website to find the corresponding IP address. This lets the computer find the website it’s looking for so the information on the website will load on the person’s computer. Without the IP address, the DNS servers would have no idea which website to load. All this is done in seconds, which is why websites will load quickly most of the time. If the DNS servers for the website aren’t working properly, it could mean they cannot look up the IP address and, therefore, the website won’t be able to load.

Different Types of IP Addresses

There are a few different types of IP addresses. Each of these types can be IPv4 or IPv6 and can be made up of numbers or letters. The main types of IP addresses include the following.

  • Private IP Addresses – These are the addresses used inside a network so your computer, tablet, smartphone, and any other internet-connected device can connect with your router. You can usually set these IP addresses manually or have them assigned automatically. These can be dynamic or static IP addresses.
  • Public IP Addresses – These are addresses used outside of a network to connect with the internet. Your router will use a public IP address to be able to connect with the internet. These IP addresses are assigned by the internet service provider. Public IP addresses can be either dynamic or static.
  • Static IP Addresses – Static IP addresses basically do not change. These addresses can change, for instance, if you switch internet providers, but typically stay the same as long as there isn’t an interruption in service.
  • Dynamic IP Addresses – Dynamic IP addresses are ones that are assigned by a DHCP server. These addresses change and may be different each time you check the IP address for the device you’re using. Most of the time, if DHCP is supported, it does need to be enabled to use a dynamic IP address.

IPv4 Versus IPv6

IPv6 ensures that people can continue to connect around the world

Most IP addresses right now are IPv4. This is the older and now outdated version of IP addresses and is slowly being replaced by IPv6. The main reason for this is that IPv6 can handle more IP addresses than IPv4. Basically, all devices connected to the internet must have a unique IP address. IPv4 has the potential for over 4 billion unique IP addresses, but in the modern world, this just isn’t enough. Version 6, IPv6, supports around 340 trillion unique IP addresses. With this many possible, everyone could have a huge number of devices in their home or office and there would still be plenty of IP addresses leftover. IPv6 also provides a number of other benefits, such as more efficient routing and built-in privacy.

If you check the IP address for the device you’re using right now, it will likely look like a series of numbers with periods between different sections. This is the IPv4 display of the IP address. IPv6 will look different. Since it’s written in hexadecimal, it can be a series of numbers and letters with colons between the sections.

IP addresses are crucial for the internet to actually work. They allow your devices to connect with the internet, view websites and send information. Though the version used is changing, they still work in much the same way and allow any of the devices you may have at home or at work to connect to the internet so you can get the information you need.

the biggest phishing attacks of 2018

As the world becomes more connected, the potential for security issues increases. The internet makes it possible for hackers to steal money and information in new ways, including through what are known as phishing attempts. Everyone, especially business owners, should be aware of phishing and what it can lead to so they can protect their personal information and their money.

What is Phishing?

Phishing is an attempt to gain personal information, including passwords or credit card numbers, by sending emails that appear to be from a reputable company. The hackers who set up the phishing attack make their email address look like it’s official, then request the receiver clicks on a link or downloads an attachment. If the recipient does this, the attacker then has their username and password or has the ability to control their computer to get the personal information they’re looking for.

Phishing is one of the oldest types of cyber attacks and it’s becoming more prevalent today because of technology improvements. The attacks of 2018 are far more sophisticated, enabling the hackers to try to get personal information from anyone, even those who normally would know what to look for and how to avoid this type of cyber attack. The oldest version of phishing is to send out an email that looks like it’s coming from the person’s bank. The goal was to get the recipient to visit a fake website and use their real login information to sign into the bank to verify information. Once they entered their information into the fake website, the hacker had the ability to log on to the bank’s actual website and transfer money from the victim’s account to their own.

Phishing is Still Prevalent Today

phishing isPhishing has been around for so many years because it still works. Hackers can still use phishing attempts against both individuals and businesses to steal personal information and money. Business owners have to be especially careful to avoid phishing attempts as the ones used today are used to steal all of the personal information for the business’s customers. This often includes names, phone numbers, physical addresses, email addresses, and credit card numbers. Phishing attempts that successfully lead the hacker to this information cause a huge breach for the business and can cause serious amounts of damage. Some of the biggest types of phishing attacks that occurred throughout 2018 include compromised MailChimp accounts, tax fraud, account takeovers, and others listed below.

MailChimp Account Phishing

At the beginning of 2018, a new phishing attack started out by using compromised MailChimp accounts. The accounts were compromised by data stolen through fake invoices. The emails were then used to send a zipped file to other people. Since MailChimp is a trusted email company used by businesses to send invoices and other important information, these emails were able to reach just about anyone. The emails were not caught by spam filters because they appeared to be legitimate emails. When the zipped file was opened, it downloaded a malware app that was then used to monitor the computer and steal information. This attack ran for around three and a half months.

 Shortcut Phishing Attacks

First detected in July of 2018, the shortcut phishing attack targeted users of Windows 10. A hacker named TA505 sent out emails appearing to be from Windows that offered an opportunity to create unique shortcuts to settings within Windows. The email included a PDF file that had a PowerShell script to download a trojan on the computer when it was opened. The trojan, FlawedAmmyy, gave the hacker remote access to the infected machine. They had complete access to any information stored on the computer, allowing them to get personal information such as bank account information or credit card numbers.

Phishing Attacks Relating to the GDPR

In 2018, the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) took effect. This is intended to protect data and privacy for all members of the EU by giving users more control over their own personal data. It also helped simplify regulations for international companies that do business in the EU or the European Economic Area (EEA). While the new law was intended to simplify regulations and help protect privacy, it did cause confusion for many business owners who were trying to figure out how to comply with the new laws. Phishing attacks started targeting businesses who might need help with compliance. Emails promised information or services to help with the new regulations but led to malware being downloaded or information being stolen from the businesses instead.

Tax-Related Phishing Attacks

tax related phishing attacksDuring the tax season, scams are prevalent. Phishing attacks generally involve an email claiming the recipient owes money and offers a link to send money to avoid fines or other legal actions. Another scam has become prevalent as well, with the email claiming to be from a state accounting office. In this phishing attack, the email was sent to obtain usernames and passwords for accountants so the hacker could access not only the accountant’s personal information but their clients as well.

These types of phishing attacks have occurred for a number of years now. In 2018, a new method was tried to get money from the victims. In this new method, the hackers use the victim’s bank account to deposit funds, then use a variety of different methods to try to retrieve the funds. These types of phishing attacks are always more prevalent during tax season but can occur at any time of the year.

Phishing Attacks Involving Cryptocurrency

With the huge rise in popularity of cryptocurrency during 2018, phishing hackers started looking for a way to take advantage of this. Most of the time, it involves taking advantage of new cryptocurrencies that hold an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) to raise money for their cryptocurrency. The company generally creates an email address for money to be sent to by those who want to purchase the cryptocurrency. While many of these are legitimate, hackers will use emails to set up fake ICOs and have the funds go to an account they control, instead of one controlled by the company creating the cryptocurrency. Purchasers of the ICO believe their money is going to the company when it’s actually being sent to a hacker.

Account Verification Phishing Attacks

This type of phishing attack has been around for some time but became far more prevalent during 2018. Most of the time, the victim receives an email that seems like it’s from a major retailer or social network site. The email states there’s a problem with the account that needs to be fixed immediately. The email is designed to look just like one from the company and uses an email address that’s close to the one used by the company. The links in the email, however, take the victim to a fake website that looks similar to the company’s website and steals the person’s login information. That information can often be used to sign into other accounts on other websites or used to get personal information that might be stored on the real company’s website.

 Phishing Attacks to Take Over Accounts

phishing to get account dataMost phishing attempts are designed to steal personal information that can be then used to gain money. A new type of phishing attack, however, is an attempt to take over an email account so it can be used by the hacker. Once the hacker gains the username and password for the email account, they’ll watch it to learn more about the victim. They can then use the information to steal money or other personal information. Right now, the biggest targets for this type of phishing attacks are real estate agents. The hacker takes over the account, watching the emails sent and received by the real estate agent until they see a pending house sale. They then use the email address to send a fake email about the wire transfer, getting the home buyer to send the funds to the hacker instead of the seller of the home. This phishing attack can take a while to accomplish, but it can allow the hacker to steal hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Phishing attacks lead to billions of dollars in losses every year. Even when certain attacks seem to disappear, new ones that are far more sophisticated are being created. Individuals and business owners can protect themselves from phishing attacks. Most of the time, this can be done by just being careful. Keep an eye on information about the latest phishing attacks to know what could potentially happen. This enables you to make sure you know about the newest types of phishing attacks so you can avoid them. When you do receive an email, it’s better to type in the address of the company instead of clicking a link. It’s also a good idea to scan any attachments with antivirus software before opening them to be sure they’re safe, even if they appear to be from a trusted source. Working with a cybersecurity company can also help you make sure your potential for becoming a victim of a phishing attack is minimized to protect your personal information and your business.

WordPress has gone through a number of different changes throughout the years. However, the latest update to WordPress 5.0 is one of the biggest jumps out of the recent major updates. WordPress now uses a new block-based editor called Gutenberg. This is completely redesigned and is far different from the previous versions of WordPress. Learn more about what to expect from WordPress 5.0 now so you’ll be ready when you give it a try.

A Big Jump Forward

Those who have been using WordPress for a while will quickly notice how big of a change this latest update really is. While all updates are going to contain useful changes, WordPress 5.0 includes a huge number of different changes as well as a whole new look. Gutenberg is similar to the WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) editor that WordPress has previously used, but it now includes blocks.

These content blocks can be filled with whatever you want and then easily be moved around the page to make it exactly what you want. The update gives you more control for the appearance of your website. You can use the new menu that is included with Gutenberg to create the type of block you want or choose from common types of blocks like images and headings. You’ll also be able to easily embed social media posts and more.

Basically, the update to WordPress 5.0, while it is a big change, is designed to make everything easier for you to do, give you more that you can do, and enable you to have complete control over how your website will look. It’s a more in-depth way to create and edit your website and, though it might take some time to get used to, is going to allow you to do just about anything you might want with your website.

What You Should Expect

There are a few different things you’ll want to expect from the new WordPress version. One of the biggest things to expect is that you’ll be able to easily build custom themes. This can mean that you won’t need to use page builder plugins, and it means you’ll be able to create the exact theme you want for your website.

Another difference you may notice is that the updates after WordPress 5.0 will be a bit different. Instead of scheduled releases for new versions, the version will come whenever there’s something significant that changes. This means updates will likely be more meaningful and you’ll be able to do more with each update.

You should also expect building your website to be more intuitive with the update. Though the change to blocks is a big jump from previous versions of WordPress, they’re designed to make it easier for you to create exactly what you want for your website.

How Your Editing Will Change

You’re likely going to need to change your workflow to work better with the new version of WordPress. Since the new version includes so many big changes, your current workflow might not work as well for you anymore. Once you get used to WordPress 5.0, however, you can develop a new workflow that works better for you. This will lead to increased productivity whether you work online or offline to create your content. You’ll have easy access to formatting options and all of your changes are immediately visible so you can update your website in real time and see how the changes look.

Your editing will also change if you tend to rely on a lot of plugins. Many of the developers have updated their plugins to work with Gutenberg, but there are still many that have not been updated yet. If the plugins you rely on have not been updated, they may not work properly with WordPress 5.0. You’ll need to wait for them to be updated for the new version or switch to plugins that have already been updated, which could be a very big change as far as your editing goes.

Since the new version of WordPress is such a big jump from previous versions, themes will need to be updated as well. Many new themes are being designed that work well with Gutenberg, although websites that use older themes may need to choose a new theme if their default theme is not updated yet. You may want to check the theme you use to see if it’s compatible yet or start to think about a new theme that you might want to try when you switch to the new version of WordPress.

Get Started Learning WordPress 5.0

A large jump between versions always means there will be a learning curve before you’re familiar with all of the changes and what you can now do. However, you can start playing around with the new version today to start learning how it works before you make the leap to the new version.

Start by using the Gutenberg plugin to test it out and become familiar with it. If you’ve already switched to WordPress 5.0, download the classic editor plugin so you can use the editor you’re familiar with while you play around with the new features and try everything out. To play around and test the new features, create a staging website. This lets you test any ideas you have, try new features, and learn how the new version of WordPress works before you make any changes to your actual website. You won’t have to worry about any issues as your website will still be up and running while you practice on the staging website. When you’re ready, you can make any changes on your actual website and ensure it’s updated to exactly what you want.

WordPress 5.0 includes a lot of major changes, but it can also make it easier for you to completely control how your website looks and acts. Try out the new features today to learn more about what you can do with the new version of WordPress and to learn how Gutenberg works.

Readers who are familiar with WordPress have gotten used to using the platform’s TinyMCE editor.  Some of them love it, and some of them hate it.  What all WordPress users have in common when it comes to this editor is that they will have to come to terms with the fact that it is on its way out. The Gutenberg editor for WordPress, designed to replace the TinyMCE editor, is already stirring up discussion in the forms of both criticism and praise.  Regardless of how readers feel about making the switch, though, they will have to get used to the new editor, as it is here to stay.

Primary Changes

The Gutenberg editor will completely change how the platform’s users interact with it by switching the editing process over to a block-based approach.  Its long-term implementation goal is to offer full-site customization, where the TinyMCE editor offered only page template editing.
Unlike the TinyMCE editor, which featured a single edit field, the Gutenberg editor will feature many individual blocks.  These can be composed of text, images, videos, buttons, widgets, tablets, or other features and can be manipulated on an individual basis.  Since each of these blocks is separate from the others, users can expect to have far more control over the editing process.

Using Themes

The Gutenberg editor is designed to work with WordPress themes for maximum stylistic control.  These themes add built-in styling to its component blocks and are added in real-time to the editor itself, making it easier than ever to build custom content.  Some themes will offer pre-made templates featuring multiple blocks.

Building a Layout

Since editing pages in Gutenberg requires the creation of separate blocks, it makes sense to start by learning how to add new blocks.  This can be done without much hassle at all thanks to the editor’s user-friendly design. Users can simply click the +Plus icon and select from Common Blocks, Formatting, Layout Elements, Widgets, and Embeds to add a block that meets their needs.

To create a well-integrated custom page, start with the text blocks and build the layout from there.  To add a non-text block to the page, just hover over the area where the new block will be placed and click the +Plus icon again.  Check out all of the block options available to determine which will be the best fit for the content being added to the page.

Embedding Videos

Given that on-site videos are a powerful tool for content creators and marketers alike, it is important that users familiarize themselves with the Embeds blocks as soon as possible.  Thankfully, Gutenberg makes this process extremely easy.  Inserting a YouTube video requires users to simply add a YouTube block from the Embeds tab, enter the video’s URL, and click Embed.

Creating Different Columns

Gutenberg’s experimental columns feature allows users to create multiple columns for further customization.  This can be accomplished by clicking on the Columns block in the Layout Elements section.  Other blocks can even be inserted into the column blocks, making it easier than ever for page creators to control where their images, videos, quotes, and other elements appear on their pages.

Customizing Blocks

The content of each block can be edited from within the actual body of the Gutenberg editor.  Basic text, styling, and alignment can be manipulated from the menu bar that appears when users hover over a particular block.  Advanced styling, on the other hand, must be controlled from the Block settings tab.
Once several blocks have been created and customized, their placement can be changed via two different paths.  Users can use the Up and Down arrows while hovering over blocks to move them in the correct direction or they can hover over the left or right sides of their blocks and use the editor’s drag-and-drop feature.

Editing Source Code

The Gutenberg editor makes it easy to manipulate source code.  Users need only click on the three dots that appear at the top-right corner of the editor and select Code Editor to manipulate source code for their entire posts.

Using Plugins

There are already plenty of pre-made Gutenberg extension plugins available online.  These can be installed as separate blocks.  The use of pre-made plugins makes it even easier for site owners to create user-friendly and aesthetically appealing pages.

Compatibility Issues

The Gutenberg editor’s creators are aware that there are still some compatibility issues with certain plugins.  Given that there are literally thousands of these third-party plugins available for use with WordPress, it makes sense that not all of them will be compatible with the new editor right off the bat due to conflicting code or functionality.  Those plugins that tend to cause problems are the ones that add functionality changes or alter the way that the classic editor looks. Some plugins that add custom styles to pages can also cause compatibility issues.  As a general rule, it’s also best to avoid plugins that haven’t been updated in months, as these are more likely to conflict with Gutenberg.

Checking Compatibility

Thankfully, Gutenberg’s creators have made it fairly easy for users to check the compatibility of their individual plugins.  There are two ways that they can go about performing this essential task.

Users can check the Gutenberg Plugin Compatibility database, which contains more than 5,000 popular and obscure WordPress plugins.  However, not all plugins are included in the database, which relies on registered users to expand its offerings.  If readers are unable to find their plugins in the database, they can also use a staging site to check for any compatibility issues prior to going live with their new content.

The Take-Away

Whether readers are excited about making the switch to the Gutenberg editor or slightly concerned, they’ll eventually have to come to terms with the fact that Gutenberg is undeniably the future of WordPress editing.  Making the switch may come with some growing pains, but eventually, it will lead to more flexible content creation.  Exploring the editor now and learning as much as possible about its functionality and features is the best way to ensure a positive transition when switching to WordPress 5.0.

Bild von Laptop mit geöffnetem Wordpress Fenster

FTP, which stands for File Transfer Protocol, used to be universally essential to web design.  It offers developers an easy and efficient means of transferring files between computers, and though Content Management Systems (CMS) have decreased the need for FTP substantially, this method is still widely used by many designers.  In fact, WordPress, one of the most popular CMS platforms, still offers the ability to upload files via FTP, and with good reason. It’s often necessary to use FTP to gain access to the WordPress file directory.  When the platform’s backend is not accessible or faulty plugins are affecting a site’s ability to run properly, developers may need to utilize this historically important access method.  In fact, one of the most common reasons for using FTP for WordPress development is the need for troubleshooting.  The ability to troubleshoot problems is essential to creating and managing a successful website. Designers don’t have to become experts in FTP in order to accomplish this goal, but they do need to have at least a basic understanding of how it works.

FTP Login Credentials and Adding Websites

Once set up, Fielzilla can be of good use for WordPress topics

The first step that readers will need to take before beginning to use FTP to upload files is to download and install an FTP client such as FileZilla, WinSCP, or Cyberduck.  Since FileZilla is arguably the most widespread of these clients, this article will focus on using FileZilla for uploads.  However, the basic concepts are roughly equivalent regardless of what FTP client readers are using.

In order to use FTP software, readers must connect their websites to it using their FTP login credentials.  These login credentials are transmitted via email upon signing up for a WordPress hosting account, but they can also be found in the hosting account’s cPanel dashboard. Already have login credentials handy?  Adding a new site will be easy.  Simply pull up the Site Manager through FileZilla’s File tab, then click on the New Site button and fill in all of the necessary information.  The program will then save the site settings and open a new FTP connection to it.

Uploading Files

Once a connection has been formed using appropriate FTP login credentials and basic website information, users will be directed to a list of files and folders under the column.  These files are already present on the website.  Files on the user’s computer, on the other hand, will show up under the Local site section. Once the desired file has been located, it can be uploaded by right-clicking on it and selecting the upload function from the drop-down menu.  This process is fairly straightforward.  It is, however, important to note that WordPress requires certain files and folders to be set to specific locations in order to function as intended.

Uploading Manual Plugins

Let’s take a look at an example that illustrates the above-stated issue.  In order to upload manual plugins, users must first download the plugins to their own computers and unzip the files.  Next, look for the /wp-content/plugins/ folder in the Remote site column of FileZilla.  This will allow users to upload plugins to their WordPress sites.  Once the plugin has been uploaded, readers will need to visit the plugins page on WordPress itself to activate it.

Uploading Premium Themes

The process of uploading premium themes via FTP is similar to the one described above for plugins.  Simply download and unzip the theme folder, then upload it to /wp-content/themes/ on the website.  Simple, right?

Downloading Files

Download used files in an instance

FTP isn’t just used to upload files to WordPress sites.  It’s also useful for downloading files from websites for advanced editing.  To download files, readers can right-click on the desired file, located under the Remote site column, and click download.

Backing Up WordPress Sites

FTP can also be used to backup all of the files on a WordPress site.  This can be accomplished by selecting all files and folders on the Remote site and downloading them onto the computer.  Keep in mind, however, that this process only backs up the files themselves and does not include any content on the site. Users who want to back up their content as well will have to create manual backups of their databases.

Troubleshooting Common Problems

FTP can help with WordPress troubleshooting

There are several errors that occur with reasonable frequency when using FTP clients to upload pages to WordPress.  These pertain primarily to connection issues. Read on to find out how to resolve two of the most common issues with FTP uploads.

Failure to Connect

Before panicking, be sure to double-check login credentials.  If the information is definitely correct but users still can’t connect, they may have set their FTP clients to passive mode.  Luckily, troubleshooting this problem in FileZilla is reasonably simple_

  • First, select the Edit option from the program’s top menu and click on Settings.
  • Next, navigate to the Connection menu on the left side of the pop-up and select FTP.  If the pop-up indicates that the user is in passive transfer mode, try switching it to active.

If this resolves the problem, it’s a good idea to change the default connection method by selecting “fall back to active mode.”

“Too Many Connections” Errors

Sometimes FileZilla allows users to connect to their servers without difficulty only to disconnect them when they attempt to upload or download files.  There are a few reasons this could be happening: Users who receive a “too many connections” error message most likely have their server configurations for allowable connections set too low. The first step toward resolving this problem is to abort the current FTP session.  Readers who don’t have root access to their servers can contact their administrators or web hosts to have their maximum connection number raised, while those who do have root access can simply perform this task themselves. Once this number has been altered, current connections must be cleared manually. Once the connections have been cleared, head back to FileZilla and navigate to the Transfers page under the Settings menu found beneath the Edit button.  Next, set the maximum simultaneous transfers to one or two and save the changes.  If this doesn’t resolve the issue, navigate back to the Transfers page and set uploads to between five and ten.